“What Does the Law, Vedas and Legend Say About Gotra?” Accessed September 4 2020. Reply. [1] The name of the gotra can be used as a surname, but it is different from a surname and is strictly maintained because of its importance in marriages among Hindus, especially among castes. Members from our Samaj Management Committee recently visited the Goshalla … The commonest totem names are those of animals, including several which are held sacred by Hindus, as bagh or nahar, the tiger; bachas, the calf; murkuria, the peacock; kachhua or limun, the tortoise; nagas, the cobra; hasti, the elephant; bhainsa, the buffalo; richaria, the bear; Kuliha, the Jackal, kurura, the dog; karsayal, the deer; hiran, the black-buck and so on. Among those of the Brahmin caste, gotras are reckoned patrilineally. Another revered Vedic text, the Manusmriti, considers Brahmin Gotras to be exogamous units, developed to promote genetic diversity within the Brahmin caste. [24]Therefore, amongst these peoples, there are eight major Brahmin Gotras. Unknown February 24, 2017 at 7:31 AM. Reply. Posted on 27th December 2019 Showcase Goshalla in Leicester 2019 Visit. [3] According to Hindu scripture, members of the Brahmin community are believed to have descended from the first seven Brahmin saints of the Vedic period. 'The Meanings of the Term "Gotra" and the Textual History of the "Ratnagotravibhāga"'. ^ Panjwani not be confused with Panjwani (Sindhi Caste). Gaubhilya 26. by Dwarkaprasad Shastri PAPERBACK (Edition: 2004) Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy. [28] Furthermore, Vedic Hindu literature varies greatly on the exact rules that govern a Gotra’s influence on Brahmin marriages. There is no harm in Sagotra marriage if the individuals are not related to six generations on both maternal and paternal sides. [25] These individuals were generally also saints or sages, often direct descendants of the Saptarishi, but were sometimes notable kings or princes of the Vedic Age such as Hatira. [15][22] The variation from the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad’s list are even more stark in texts such as the Mahabharata or the Brihat Samhita, with Atri and Vasishta the only saints remaining in common.[15]. In communities where gotra membership passed from father to children, marriages were allowed between a woman and her maternal uncle,[8] while such marriages were forbidden in matrilineal communities, like Thiyyars and Tuluvas, where gotra membership was passed down from the mother. A possible workaround for sagotra marriages is to perform a 'Dathu' (adoption) of the bride to a family of different gotra (usually dathu is given to the bride's maternal uncle who belongs to different gotra by the same rule) and let them perform the 'Kanyadanam' ('kanya' (girl) + 'danam' (to give)). The word "gotra" means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language. [32]Therefore, marital customs often differ between Brahmin groups and often depend on which Vedic doctrine a group follows and whether it is followed rigidly. Chikitasa 16. Brahmin Sages and Branches (Gotras and Subcastes) gotra; Marriage Ceremonies This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 13:16 (UTC). The utmost variety of names is found, and numerous trees, as well as rice and other crops, salt, sandalwood, cucumber, pepper, and some household implements such as pestle, rolling slab, serves as name of clans. There have been a lot of queries on Gotras. [10] This integration occurred as a result of the Rigvedic concept of social mobility, which allowed peoples from lower Varnas displaying ‘Brahminical virtues’ to attain ‘Brahmin’ status. Lalbhai Desai was a landowner (Zamindar) who owned vast amounts of land in … Every Brahmin Gotra is further sub-divided into several divisions Pravaras. And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant. They can be Saraswat brahmins as well. [10][11], Early Brahminical society was heavily influenced by the Gotric system. Poojan means Poojan with touch of that stone by a worshipper. For example, Jats and Rajputs have 3000 Gotras and Mudirajas of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have 2600 Gotras. Buy Now. Replies. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 04:15. Atreyasa / Atri 3. States – Kathiwarh, Ayodhya, Kurukshetra to Banaras, Bundelkhand, upto Himachal. Ghrit kaushika 27. Important branches of Chandravansh. [25] A Pravara represents the lineage of individuals from a particular Gotra who, according to Hindu literature, had ‘achieved greatness’. The Hindu, November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 09, 2020, from, Pande, M. (2018, December 06). ", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282367530_BRAHMINS, https://theprint.in/features/what-are-gotras-all-about-how-rahul-gandhi-gets-dattatreya-gotra/155940/, https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/farmers-protest-delhi-demonetisation-gotra-dharmashastras-rigveda-mahabharata-dharma-5480388/, https://edtimes.in/who-was-lord-dattatreya-is-there-any-dattatreya-gotra-as-rahul-gandhi-claims-he-is-a-kashmiri-brahmin-from-this-lineage/, https://www.news18.com/news/india/what-does-the-law-vedas-and-legend-say-about-gotra-news18-explains-1953937.html, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/gurgaon/change-law-to-ban-all-same-gotra-marriage-khaps/articleshow/68761042.cms, https://www.hindustantimes.com/delhi/same-gotra-marriage-okay/story-SyEhNqJaiKz6Wk8aWQJe5N.html, https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/Petition-against-same-gotra-marriage-dismissed/article16258171.ece. Bhargava 11. Gujarati Hindu Brahmin community is divided into a number of castes and sub- castes. [33], Historically, the concept of the Gotra has played an integral role in the formation and development of Brahminical society. The state of Kalhansa Kshatriya was at Basti (U.P.). Jatukarna 31. Bhaskara 13. Similarly the origin of other rishis is attributed to animals, Rishyasringa to an antilope, Mandavya to a frog, Kanada to an owl. Delete. And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant. The name (Sanskrit: “cattle shed”) indicates that the contemporary lineage segment “What Does the Law, Vedas and Legend Say About Gotra?” Accessed September 4 2020. [26] There is no fixed number of Pravaras in every Brahmin Gotra, the number of sub-divisions within a Gotra depends on the number of individuals from the Gotra that Hindu texts deemed to have ‘achieved greatness’. [15] The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad holds that Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bhradwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa are the first Brahmin saints of the Vedic age and the sole ancestors of the Brahmin community, and while this list is largely accepted within most Brahmin communities, the identities of the saints who form the Saptarishi in fact vary largely across Hindu scriptures. [17], Lineage forming an exogamous clan in Vedic society, "Gothra" redirects here. This is expressed in chapter 5 of Manu smriti at mantra 60, which states, सपिण्डता तु पुरुषे सप्तमे विनिवर्तते । समानोदकभावस्तु जन्मनाम्नोरवेदने, which means that sapinda ends after seventh generations. He would be consigned to hell. Gautamasa 25. The seven major Brahmin Gotras take the names of the saints whose lineages they represent: Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bhradwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa. [5], The word Gotra comes from the Sanskrit Gau, cow and Trahi, a shed or stable. Among those of the Brahmin caste, gotras are reckoned patrilineally. The court also said material in the Hindu texts is so vast and full of contradictions that it is a near-impossible task to reduce it to order and coherence. Pāṇini defines gotra for grammatical purposes as apatyam pautraprabhrti gotram (IV. [10] These new Brahmins regularly chose to retain their original Gotras upon changing their Varna. To this list, Agastya is also sometimes added. [13][14] Gotras were often also considered when dividing and distributing the property of a male Brahmin upon his death. [17] By the early modern period, as Brahminical society evolved further, Gotras often also dictated other aspects of a Brahmin’s life, such as defining the manner in which religious practices and rituals were performed by a family, the deities families worshipped, a Brahmin group’s social identity and sometimes even an individual’s occupation. With advancements in genetic sciences changing the understanding of how an individual’s lineage is traced, many Brahmins world over have shifted away from strictly adhering to Rigvedic ideals of the Gotric system. The last three are prohibited as per Manu Smriti, out of which the last two are condemned. Hukman Bhal 29. [5] For example, in the Krishna Yajurveda, the Saptarishi are identified as Angiras, Bhingru, Kutsa, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa. One informing me that I have left out a Gotra. Gotra is always passed on from father to children among most Hindus. [21], Another potential reason behind the emergence of multiple new Brahmin Gotras, despite the repeated insistence of several Hindu texts that the caste is descended only from the Saptarishi, is thought to be due to the inconsistencies in Hindu literature regarding the identities of the Saptarishi themselves. Who Was Lord Dattatreya & Is There Any Dattatreya Gotra, As Rahul Gandhi Claims He Is A Kashmiri Brahmin From This Lineage? Item Code: MZC607. Each gotra takes the name of a famous Rishi or sage who was the patrilineal forebearer of that clan. Dalabhya 18. Generally the gotra forms an exogamous unit, with the marriage within the same gotra being prohibited by custom, being regarded as incest. Though he may be alive but he lives as an out caste. For example, for the Iyengar Brahmins of Karnataka, a tribe adopted into the Brahmin Varna as recently as the 8th century CE, Gotras continued to serve as means of preserving genetic diversity within the clan and providing a basis for the division of property. Fellow Bardai Brahmin Dr Nalini Jitendra Modha, from the Thistlemoor Medical Centre in Thistlemoor Road, Peterborough (UK), has been awarded an MBE… Posted on 28th December 2019 Showcase What is NRI, PIO, OCI? Harit Smriti says: A Brahmin without the prints like wheel etcetera is criticized in all his actions. They are didvided into 7 main gotras after the 7 main rishis, each further divided into another 7 gotras of his descendents. All these brahmin Gotras are not always Gaur. [33] While the role of the Gotra in Brahmin society has been defended by traditionalist Hindu scholars, who have claimed that its foundations lay in Vedic, scientific principles, the system has largely been rejected by progressive feminist groups and their followers. A kula is equal to a particular family , or equal to modern day "clans", Kula does relate to lineage or caste. Dev 20. [18] Over time however, as the Brahmin caste expanded, several more Brahmin Gotras appeared. [28] For example, Brahmins from the Deccan Plateau have been known to permit marriages within the same Gotra provided the married individuals are not members of an immediate family. North Indian Hindu society not only follows the rules of gotra for marriages, but also has many regulations which go beyond the basic definition of gotra and has a broader definition of incest. Marriages within the gotra ('sagotra' marriages) are not permitted under the rule of exogamy in the traditional matrimonial system. [5] With each member of the caste believed to trace their lineage back to one of these saints, a Brahmin’s Gotra represents a means to track an individual’s patriline and thus indicate which one of these saints is their ancestor. [20]According to the Bhagavad Gita, individuals consistently exhibiting ‘traditionally Brahmin’ qualities such as patience, restraint, integrity and knowledge could, should they choose so, be absorbed into the Brahmin Varna, regardless of whichever Varna they were born into. A Gotra relates directly to the original seven or eight Rishis of the Vedas. Kalabodhana… I dontr know how come you have been putting rubbish and ignorance here and want people to believe it. Brahmans are not the only people who have gotras. Ahabhunasa 7. [25] Translated literally from Sanskrit, the term means ‘most excellent’. News18. He belonged to the caste of Gujarati Brahmins called (Palwada) Audichya Sahastra Brahmin (Udichta), from the province of Surat. Delete. 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Are marriages within the Gotra ( Sanskrit: गोत्र ) is considered to be validated I include the Gotras by. Legal legitimacy in modern society the Vedas Manu Smriti, out of which the last are...